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Pope Benedict XVI

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Pope Benedict XVI, Cardinal Ratzinger, Benedict, Papacy

Pope Benedict XVI (Cardinal Jospeh Ratzinger)

 

 

 

Joseph Ratzinger (to read writings by Cardinal Ratzinger before his election, CLICK HERE!), the future Pope Benedict XVI, was born in Bavaria, Germany, on April 16, 1927, Holy Saturday, and baptized the very same day, in the newly blessed Easter water. This special baptism was seen from the beginning of his life as a very special blessing of Divine Providence.

 

Josef and his brother George entered the seminary and were ordained priests together on June 29, 1951. After receiving his doctorate in theology from the University of Munich in 1953, Fr. Joseph Ratzinger became a professor of dogmatic theology at the University of Bonn. When Vatican Council II began in 1962, Fr. Ratzinger, only 35 years old at the time, was named chief "peritus" or theological advisor to the Archbishop of Cologne, Joseph Cardinal Frings and accompanied him to all four sessions of the council, having input on the writing of several of the Council Documents. From 1969 until 1977 he taught theology at the University of Regensburg and, from 1969 until 1980, he was a member of the Vatican's International Theological Commission.

 

Fr. Joseph Ratzinger was ordained archbishop of Munich-Freising on May 28, 1977 and was created a cardinal priest by Pope Paul VI on June 27, 1977, his titular church in Rome being St. Mary of Consolation (in Tiburtina).

 

On April 5, 1993 Cardinal Ratzinger was transferred by Pope John Paul II to the order of cardinal bishops as titular bishop of the suburbicarian see of Velletri-Signi. In 1981 Cardinal Ratzinger became the Prefect (head) of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the Vatican department in charge of protecting the sacred deposit of the faith handed on from the apostles. As such, he was Pope John Paul II's chief assistant in the formulation of the Pope's teaching and writing. There is perhaps no one who worked more closely with Pope John Paul II during the course of his pontificate. Cardinal Ratzinger would generally have lengthy private meetings with the Pope twice per week. Before his election as Pope Benedict XVI, Cardinal Ratzinger also served president of the Pontifical Biblical and Theological Commissions.

 

On November 6, 1998, Cardinal Ratzinger was appointed Vice-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals. Prior to the death of Pope John Paul II, he served as a member of the Congregation of Bishops, the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, the Congregation for Catholic Education, the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, the Council for Christian Unity, the Council for Culture, the Commission Ecclesia Dei, and the Commission for Latin America. As prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Cardinal Ratzinger had a decisive role in the writing of the "Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification," signed in October 1999 by the Holy See and the World Lutheran Federation in Augsburg, Germany. The declaration, one of the most important ecumenical steps since Martin Luther's split with the Catholic Church in the 16th century, took place thanks to the dialogue held in November 1998 between Cardinal Ratzinger and Lutheran Bishop Johannes Hanselman in Munich.

 

As he approached his mid-seventies, Cardinal Ratzinger attempted to retire several times, but Pope John Paul II would not accept his resignation.

It seems Pope John Paul II knew God had other plans for the German Cardinal. At 78, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was elected as Pope Benedict XVI on April 19, 2005, only the second day of the conclave. This speedy election demonstrates a remarkable consensus on the part of the 115 Cardinals who elected him by a two-thirds majority. Their vote was for a defender of the truth, a man of prayer, a humble servant of the servants of God.

 

Besides his academic articles and official Church documents, the new Pope Benedict XVI provides us with a window into his mind and heart through several books, the Ratzinger Report (1996), The Spirit of the Liturgy (2000), God and the World (2002) and Introduction to Christianity. For those who have had the privilege of knowing him personally, what is most striking about him is his simplicity, humility, and childlike wonder at things. His self-effacing manner is combined, however, with a firm but gentle courage in defending the faith in all its fullness and integrity. In his resolute opposition to error, he is however, never personally defensive since he has no ego to protect. It is worth noting that on his coat of arms, Benedict replaced the traditional papal tiara with a bishop's miter with three stripes representing the Church's three-fold mission to teach, sanctify, and govern. At his inaugural Mass, he took the time to explain the importance of the pallium which symbolizes the shepherd's mission and the yoke of Christ.

To read a commentary by Dr. Marcellino D'Ambrosio on why Cardinal Ratzinger chose the name Benedict XVI, CLICK HERE!

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Title Category Excerpt Download
Avoid Commercial Contamination of Christmas-Benedict XVI Advent & Christmas Season Resources & Readings No Download
Benedict XVI: Christian Unity Christian Lifestyle,
Papacy
No
Caritas in Veritate- Pope Benedict XVI Papal Encyclicals (etc) No Download
Concluding Eucharist-Pope Benedict XVI World Youth Day Eucharist,
Passion of Christ
No
De-Hellenization-Benedict XVI Papal Encyclicals (etc),
Current Topics
No Download
Dei Verbum and Lectio Divina-Benedict XVI Papal Encyclicals (etc),
Prayer and Spirituality,
Revelation and the Word of God,
Catholic Bible Study
Yes
Dignitas Personae - Instruction on Bioethics Papal Encyclicals (etc),
Morality and Ethics
No Download
Encyclical Letter Pope Benedict XVI - Christian Love Papal Encyclicals (etc),
Theology of the Body
No Download
Explanatory Letter on Summorum Pontificum Church (ecclesiology) No
Greeting Pilgrims - Pope Benedict XVI Papacy No
Holy Thursday Chrism Mass Homily Lenten Season and Holy Week Resources,
Easter Season,
Liturgy and 7 Sacraments,
Eucharist
No Download
Homily Closing the Year of the Eucharist-Benedict XVI Array No
Homily for the Feast of the Assumption-Pope Benedict XVI Blessed Virgin Mary No
Homily on Saints Peter and Paul-Pope Benedict XVI Papal Encyclicals (etc),
Catholic Saints
No Download
Homily to Newly Ordained Priests-Pope Benedict XVI Papal Encyclicals (etc),
Current Topics
No
Lent 2006-Pope Benedict XVI Lenten Season and Holy Week Resources,
Papal Encyclicals (etc)
No Download
Lent 2010 - Pope Benedict XVI Lenten Season and Holy Week Resources No
Lenten Message 2009 - Benedict XVI Lenten Season and Holy Week Resources No Download
Letter on Family Life-Pope Benedict XVI Marriage and Family No
Maranatha --Benedict XVI on St. Paul's Eschatology Heaven,
Hell,
Purgatory,
2nd Coming of Christ
No
Mary as Model of Charity Blessed Virgin Mary,
Virtues & Christian Character
Yes Download
Mission Statement of Pope Benedict XVI Current Topics,
Papacy
No Download
Motu Proprio Approving the Compendium of the Catechism-Pope Benedict XVI Papal Encyclicals (etc) No Download
Pope Benedict XVI-Inaugural Homily Papal Encyclicals (etc),
Current Topics
No
Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Sacramentum Caritatis Papal Encyclicals (etc),
Eucharist
No Download
Profession of Faith in Christ - Part I Pope Benedict XVI Prayer and Spirituality,
Christian Lifestyle
No
Profession of Faith in Christ - Part II Pope Benedict XVI Prayer and Spirituality,
Christian Lifestyle
No
Romantic Love and Divine Love - Excerpts from Benedict XVI Encyclical Papal Encyclicals (etc),
Marriage and Family
No Download
SPE Salvi - Pope Benedict XVI Papal Encyclicals (etc) No Download
St Ambrose of Milan-Benedict XVI Early Church Fathers,
Catholic Saints
No Download
Summorum Pontificum - Pope Benedict XVI Church (ecclesiology) No Download
True Revolution-Pope Benedict XVI World Youth Day 2005 Blessed Virgin Mary,
Catholic Saints
No
Why Love is the Theme - Benedict XVI Papal Encyclicals (etc),
Marriage and Family,
Theology of the Body
No Download

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